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Faith Basics Prayers

The Beatitudes

Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are they who mourn, for they will be comforted.
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the land.
Blessed are they who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be satisfied.
Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy.
Blessed are the clean of heart, for they will see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God.
Blessed are they who are persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are you when they insult you and persecute you and utter every kind of evil against you (falsely) because of me.

Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven.

Corporal Works of Mercy

  1. To feed the hungry.
  2. To give drink to the thirsty.
  3. To clothe the naked.
  4. To visit and ransom the captives.
  5. To shelter the homeless.
  6. To visit the sick.
  7. To bury the dead.

Spiritual Works of Mercy

  1. To admonish sinners.
  2. To instruct the ignorant.
  3. To counsel the doubtful.
  4. To comfort the sorrowful.
  5. To bear wrongs patiently.
  6. To forgive all injuries.
  7. To pray for the living and the dead.

Fasting and Abstinence Regulations

Abstinence: Refraining from eating meat. Catholics 14 years and older are bound to abstain from meat on the days specified below. Invalids, and pregnant and nursing mothers are exempt.

Fasting: Having only one full meal to maintain one’s strength. Two smaller, meatless and penitential meals are permitted according to one’s needs, but they should not together equal the one full meal. Eating solid foods between meals is not permitted. Catholics over 18 but not yet 60 years are bound to fast on the days specified below. Again, invalids and pregnant and nursing mothers are exempt.

Required Days of Observance

  • Ash Wednesday (abstinence and fasting)
  • All Fridays of Lent (abstinence only)
  • Good Friday (abstinence and fasting)

Fridays Outside of Lent

In memory of Christ’s suffering and death, Fridays throughout the year are designated days of penance. The Code of Canon Law (paragraphs 1249-1253) states that Friday is a day of abstinence from meat throughout the year. While the bishops of the United States have allowed us to choose a different form of penance rather than abstaining from meat, the requirement of marking the day remains — there must be some form of penance.

Fruits of the Holy Spirit

  1. Charity
  2. Joy
  3. Peace
  4. Patience
  5. Kindess
  6. Goodness
  7. Long-suffering
  8. Humility
  9. Fidelity
  10. Modesty
  11. Continence
  12. Chastity

Gifts of the Holy Spirit

  1. Wisdom
  2. Understanding
  3. Counsel
  4. Fortitude
  5. Knowledge
  6. Piety
  7. Fear of the Lord

Nicene Creed

I believe in one God
the Father almighty,
maker of heaven and earth
of all things visible and invisible.

And in one Lord Jesus Christ,
the Only-begotten Son of God,
born of the Father before all ages.
God from God, Light from Light,
true God from true God,
begotten, not made, consubstantial with the Father; through Him all things were made.
For us and for our salvation
He came down from heaven.
and by the Holy Spirit was incarnate
of the Virgin Mary,
and became man.

For our sake He was crucified under Pontius Pilate,
He suffered death and was buried,
and rose again on the third day
in accordance with the Scriptures.
He ascended into heaven
and is seated at the right hand of the Father.
He will come again in glory
to judge the living and the dead.
His kingdom will have no end.

And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life
who proceeds from the Father and the Son,
who with the Father and the Son is adored and glorified,
who has spoken through the prophets;
And in one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church.
I confess one baptism for the forgiveness of sins.
I look forward to the resurrection of the dead
and the life of the world to come. Amen.

We believe in one holy Catholic and apostolic Church.
We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins.
We look for the resurrection of the dead,
and the life of the world to come.

Amen.

Sacraments

  • Anointing of the Sick
  • Baptism
  • Confirmation/RCIA
  • Eucharist
  • Holy Orders (Clergy)
  • Matrimony
  • Reconciliation

The Seven Capital Sins

  1. Pride
  2. Covetousness
  3. Lust
  4. Anger
  5. Gluttony
  6. Envy
  7. Sloth

Theological Virtues

  1. Faith
  2. Hope
  3. Love

Cardinal Virtues

  1. Prudence
  2. Justice
  3. Fortitude
  4. Temperance

The Six Sins Against the Holy Spirit

  1. Despair of one’s salvation.
  2. Presumption of saving oneself without merit.
  3. Resisting the known truth.
  4. Envy of the graces received by others.
  5. Obstinacy in one’s sins.
  6. Final impenitence.

Some Duties of Catholic Christians (Precepts of the Church)

  1. To keep holy the day of the Lord’s Resurrection: to worship God by participating in Mass every Sunday and Holy Day of Obligation; to avoid those activities that would hinder renewal of soul and body, e.g., needless work and business activities, unnecessary shopping, etc.
  2. To lead a sacramental life: to receive Holy Communion frequently and the sacrament of Penance regularly:
    • minimally, to receive the sacrament of Reconciliation at least once a year (annual confession is obligatory only if serious sin is involved).
    • minimally, to receive Holy Communion at least once a year, between the first Sunday of Lent and Trinity Sunday.
  3. To study Catholic teaching in preparation for the sacrament of Confirmation, to be confirmed, and then to continue to study and advance the cause of Christ.
  4. To observe the marriage laws of the Church: to give religious training (by example and word) to one’s children; to use parish schools and religious education programs.
  5. To strengthen and support the Church: one’s own parish community and parish priests; the worldwide Church and the Holy Father.
  6. To do penance, including abstaining from meat and fasting from food on the appointed days.
  7. To join in the missionary spirit and apostolate of the Church. (Added by the US bishops in 1973.)

For more information, see the Catechism of the Catholic Church: “The Precepts of the Church”.

The Ten Commandments

  1. I, the Lord, am your God. You shall not have other gods besides me.
  2. You shall not take the name of the Lord, your God, in vain.
  3. Remember to keep holy the Sabbath Day.
  4. Honor your father and your mother.
  5. You shall not kill.
  6. You shall not commit adultery.
  7. You shall not steal.
  8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
  9. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife.
  10. You shall not covet anything that belongs to your neighbor.

The Greatest of These

Jesus said, “You shall love the Lord, your God, with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind. This is the greatest and the first commandment. The second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself. The whole law and the prophets depend on these two commandments.”

Prayers

The Angelus

V. The Angel of the Lord declared to Mary:
R. And she conceived of the Holy Spirit.

Hail Mary prayer…

V. Behold the handmaid of the Lord:
R. Be it done unto me according to Thy word.

Hail Mary…

V. And the Word was made Flesh:
R. And dwelt among us.

Hail Mary…

V. Pray for us, O Holy Mother of God,
R. that we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.

Let us pray:
Pour forth, we beseech Thee, O Lord,
Thy grace into our hearts;
that we, to whom the incarnation of Christ, Thy Son,
was made known by the message of an angel,
may by His Passion and Cross be brought to the glory of His Resurrection,
through the same Christ Our Lord.
Amen.

Apostle’s Creed

I believe in God, the Father almighty,
Creator of heaven and earth,
and in Jesus Christ,
his only Son, our Lord,
who was conceived by
the Holy Spirit,
born of the Virgin Mary,
suffered under Pontius Pilate,
was crucified, died and was buried;
he descended into hell;
on the third day he rose again from the dead;

he ascended into heaven,
and is seated at the right hand
of God the Father almighty;
from there he will come to judge
the living and the dead.

I believe in the Holy Spirit,
the holy catholic Church,
the communion of saints,
the forgiveness of sins,
the resurrection of the body,
and life everlasting.

Amen.

 

Glory Be

Glory be to the Father,
and to the Son,
and to the Holy Spirit.

As it was in the beginning,
is now,
and ever shall be,
world without end.
Amen.

Guardian Angel

Angel of God,
my guardian dear,
to whom God’s love
commits me here.

Ever this day,
be at my side,
To light and guard,
Rule and guide.
Amen.

Hail Mary

Hail Mary, full of grace
the Lord is with thee.
Blessed art thou among women,
and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus.

Holy Mary, Mother of God,
pray for us sinners,
now and at the hour of our death.
Amen.

Our Father (Lord’s Prayer)

Our Father, Who art in heaven,
Hallowed be Thy Name.

Thy Kingdom come,
Thy Will be done, on earth as it is in Heaven.

Give us this day our daily bread,
and forgive us our trespasses,
as we forgive those who trespass against us.

And lead us not into temptation,
but deliver us from evil.
Amen.

Sign of the Cross

In the name of the Father,
and of the Son,
and of the Holy Spirit.
Amen.

St. Joseph

O, St. Joseph, whose protection is so great,
so strong, so prompt before the Throne of God,
I place in you all my interests and desires.

O, St. Joseph, do assist me by your powerful intercession,
and obtain for me from your Divine Son
all spiritual blessings through Jesus Christ, Our Lord;
so that having engaged here below your Heavenly power,
I may offer my thanksgiving and homage to the most Loving of Fathers.

O, St. Joseph, I never weary contemplating you and Jesus asleep in your arms.
I dare not approach while He reposes near your heart.
Press Him in my name and kiss His fine Head for me,
and ask Him to return the kiss when I draw my dying breath.

St. Joseph, Patron of departing souls, pray for us.
Amen.

St. Michael the Archangel

St. Michael the Archangel,
defend us in battle,
be our defense against the wickedness
and snares of the devil.

May God rebuke him, we humbly pray,
and do thou,
O, Prince of the heavenly hosts,
by the divine power,
thrust into hell Satan
and all the evil spirits
who prowl about the world
seeking the ruin of souls.
Amen.